Recovered material exports were up in the first three months of 2021 compared with the prior year. India dominated the paper export market, and Canada brought in nearly a third of all exported plastic.
The U.S. Census Bureau, part of the U.S. Department of Commerce, released March 2021 export figures this month, allowing for a first-quarter analysis.
India is a growing recovered paper market
The U.S. exported 4.3 million short tons of recovered paper in the first quarter, up 8% over the first quarter of 2020. It was the largest quarterly recovered fiber export figure since the third quarter of 2019. And March 2021, specifically, brought the largest single-month U.S. recovered fiber export quantity since June 2019.
The data represents the latest look at how the global flow of recovered commodities has shifted since China began implementing its National Sword import prohibition in 2018.
India remains the largest export market by far, bringing in well over twice as much as the next closest importer. India brought in 28% of all U.S. fiber exports in the first quarter. The country imported 1.2 million short tons of U.S. recovered fiber in the first quarter, up from 750,000 short tons a year ago.
After India, the largest importers of U.S. fiber were Mexico (510,000 short tons; all numbers below are short tons), Vietnam (470,000), Thailand (400,000), Taiwan (240,000), Canada (240,000), Malaysia (230,000), South Korea (220,000), China (160,000) and Indonesia (150,000).
(Story continues below chart.)
Plastic continues to move
U.S. exporters shipped 333 million pounds of scrap plastic during the first quarter of 2021, up 7% compared with the first quarter in 2020.
About 43% of that material stayed in North America, however, going to either Canada or Mexico. The rest went overseas. The overseas shipments are especially notable, because this is the first quarter during which new global rules covering scrap plastic shipments are in effect.
Malaysia was the largest overseas importer. Despite the country making prominent policy changes in accordance with the Basel Convention and continuing to reject many inbound containers, U.S. exports to Malaysia were consistent at roughly 22 million pounds per month during the first quarter.
The largest importers of U.S. scrap plastic were Canada (102 million pounds), Malaysia (65 million), Mexico (41 million), Vietnam (24 million), India (17 million), Indonesia (15 million), Taiwan (9 million), Hong Kong (7 million), Turkey (7 million) and El Salvador (5 million).
March brought the highest U.S. plastics export volume yet this year at 126 million pounds, compared with 102 million pounds in February and 105 million pounds in January.
More stories about exports
- Industry group: Help us find the plastic bale volumes we need
- US scrap paper exports sink slightly as plastics drop sharply
- Data Corner: US recycled fiber exports rebound from National Sword