Public protests act as a call for change. But they also signify the fact that significant societal shifts have already occurred.
Take, for example, the global climate strike that took place Sept. 20. Huge numbers took to the streets in the student-led demonstrations – estimates put participation at over 4 million worldwide – in a push for meaningful action around reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.
The size, energy and media attention around those crowds can be seen as a turning point in the climate change discussion. It’s no longer just scientists or staunch environmentalists who are out there yelling. The repercussions of a warming planet are now a major concern among the masses, especially the masses under the age of 30.
Of course, the Sept. 20 demonstrations themselves will not immediately transform our ability to tackle one of the most challenging problems to ever confront human beings. In September, the Washington Post and Kaiser Family Foundation released results from a national poll that showed while 76% of U.S. adults view climate change as a major problem, fewer than 50% would be willing to pay an extra $2 per month on electricity bills to combat a warming world.
Nonetheless, the strike did represent a sort of inflection point. It seems clear that in the coming years and decades, climate progress is going to be an expectation citizens will have of all their elected officials.
And recycling is well-positioned for this paradigm.
The U.S. EPA, for instance, has stated that increasing our national recycling rate by seven percentage points would reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 9.8 million metric tons of carbon equivalent, roughly the same as the energy used by 1 million homes each year.
StopWaste, the public agency that leads materials recovery efforts for California’s Alameda County, notes that 4 tons of carbon dioxide is kept out of the atmosphere for each ton of old corrugated containers kept out of the landfill.
Earlier this year, the Association of Plastic Recyclers (APR) published a report that noted that making products with recycled plastics reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 67% for PET, 71% for HDPE and 71% for PP compared with using virgin plastic. The study was conducted by Franklin Associates.
Similar statistics can be found for virtually every material type in the recycling stream. And such numbers are going to increasingly resonate with the individuals sorting their household discards and with leaders looking to stay in line with those residents’ values.
The refrain from recycling coordinators, facility operators and others in our industry can be short and sweet: Curbside recycling curbs emissions. Such outreach is easy to convey and can be backed by every player who has a stake in recycling’s growth.
Power – and complexity – of waste minimization
However, the intersection of climate change and materials management doesn’t end there. And as we push deeper, we are likely to encounter more complicated conversations inside the industry.
On stage at this summer’s Resource Recycling Conference and Trade Show in New Orleans, Kate Bailey of Colorado-based MRF operator and waste education group Eco-Cycle made the point our sector’s biggest emission-reduction potential can be realized not through waste diversion but through waste minimization.
“Our consumption, the way we use our stuff, is almost 40 percent of the GHG impacts in the U.S. if you break it down by how our energy is actually used,” Bailey said. “We are a huge solution to the climate crisis and we’re not talking about that. We’re just looking at landfill emissions and the waste sector.”
A big reason we tend not to talk openly about reducing consumption and materials usage on a macro scale is that pushing for minimization seems to be bad for business, at least when our focus remains narrow.
Less stuff in the waste stream – regardless of whether it’s going to landfill, recycling or compost – is clearly problematic for the operators of disposal and processing sites that get paid by the ton. It’s also an issue for brand owners and packaging manufacturers that are under pressure to increase the volumes of goods they pump into the market.
Reductions in material use can also be bad news for municipalities that rely on landfill tip fees to pay for recycling or other programs.
The realities of reducing material use get even more nuanced as we enter the realm of sustainable materials management, which aims to assess the whole life cycle of a package or product.
For example, research from the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality has shown that in certain packaging applications, recyclable packaging isn’t always the best from a carbon emissions standpoint – a non-recyclable pouch that minimizes material use and weight, for example, could be a wiser selection than bulkier packaging that is widely recoverable.
This is all to say that while recycling currently harmonizes well with calls for climate action, the industry must also understand that things might not always remain that way.
An ’emissions first’ perspective
During last month’s climate marches, one recurring theme on the signs of protesters young and old was a dedication to scientific analysis. Research and data are the primary tools that have quantified the realities of global warming and – quite rightly – brought the issue to crisis mode in the eyes of so many.
A similar sense of scientific analysis will be expected to be carried out around how we manufacture, use and dispose of materials. And the science is making it clear that if our ultimate goal is to maintain the well-being of Earth’s ecosystems and people, waste minimization is a far more important endeavor than recycling and composting alone.
Taking the long view, such a paradigm shift is also wise from a business standpoint.
The next generation of voters and decision-makers is making it clear that all societal actions must be viewed through the lens of limiting emissions to the greatest degree possible. If recycling programs and companies want to be ready to serve those leaders of tomorrow, they need to start acting from an “emissions first” perspective right now.
Dan Leif is the managing editor of Resource Recycling and can be contacted at [email protected].