E-Scrap News

Data shows e-scrap disposal increase in one state

Electronics collected for recycling in a bin.

Cascadia Consulting Group estimated Washington residents and businesses threw away 41,441 tons of electronics in the 2020-21 audit period. | Photographee.eu/Shutterstock

As COVID-19 took hold and e-scrap collection opportunities were canceled, the public began trashing a lot more of their electronics in Washington state, according to recently reported figures.

E-Scrap News recently crunched numbers laid out in a 2020-21 waste characterization report produced for the Washington state Department of Ecology. Conducted by Cascadia Consulting Group, the study analyzed what’s in garbage collected from Washington homes and businesses.

For electronics, the numbers were ugly.

“Unfortunately, as E-Cycle collection sites closed or sites restricted the size of TVs they could accept, this likely led to an increase in electronics thrown away,” according to a December Department of Ecology email to electronics recycling program stakeholders.

Based on waste sampling during the 2020-21 audit, Cascadia Consulting Group estimated residents and businesses threw away 41,441 tons of electronics, including TVs, computers and monitors, peripheral equipment, video game systems, audio equipment and other electronics. That was up from an estimated 34,223 tons during the prior audit in 2015-16, an increase of 21%.

E-Scrap News completed a rough estimate of per-capita electronics disposal using two-year average population estimates during the report years. The analysis found approximately 10.7 pounds per person were disposed of in 2020-21, up from 9.6 pounds per person five years earlier.

Washington’s extended producer responsibility (EPR) program for electronics is called E-Cycle Washington. The program covers TVs, desktop and laptop computers, monitors, tablets, e-readers and portable DVD players.

Through the first 11 months of 2021, a total of 14.29 million pounds (7,147 tons) of electronics were collected for recycling through the program. That was 103.2% of what was collected during the same period in 2020.

Which types of devices were trashed

The 2020-21 waste characterization report also broke electronics down into several subcategories. The following is the types of electronics disposed of, as a percentage of the total disposed electronics (story continues below chart):

The Department of Ecology noted that a 2009 waste characterization study found zero pounds of LCD TVs. The 2015-16 study estimated 353 tons were disposed of statewide, and the 2020-21 study estimated 8,003 tons were disposed of, or an increase of 2,167% from five years earlier.

The Department of Ecology publishes data on TVs, monitors and computers collected for recycling. Using those same groupings, the following were the tons disposed of in 2015-16 and 2020-21 (story continues below chart):

But it’s also important to note that the statistical estimates are based on relatively small sample sizes and the error ranges are large. For example, the latest LCD TV data was plus/minus 6,136 tons at the 90% confidence level, which means that Cascadia Consulting Group is 90% certain that the true number of trashed LCD TVs in the statewide waste stream lies somewhere between 1,867 tons and 14,139 tons, which is a very wide span.

Batteries in the garbage

The waste characterization reports also included numbers for single-use and rechargeable dry-cell batteries, which represent not only wasted resources when thrown in the garbage but pose fire risks for collection trucks, transfer stations and landfills.

Again, keeping in mind the wide margins of error, the latest report estimated 1,885 tons of single-use batteries and 702 tons of rechargeable batteries were disposed of in Washington in 2020-21. That was up 82% and 556%, respectively, from the 2015-16 data.

The 2020-21 numbers equal about 0.49 pounds per person for single-use batteries (up from 0.29 pounds in 2015-16) and 0.18 pounds per person for rechargeable batteries (up from 0.03 pounds in 2015-16).

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